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建企风险成本降低策略

2019-08-31

jiaqiangfengxianguanli,jiangdixiangmuguanlichengben

jiangdifengxianchengbenshijianzhushigongqiyetishengyinglinenglidexuyao。zhongsuozhouzhi,jianzhushigongxiangmudejinglirunyibandoubijiaodi,eryigexiangmufashengkuisunheshigujiqiyezaochengdezhijiejingjisunshiwangwangdideshangjigeshenzhijishigexiangdangguimodegongchenglirun。erqisuobaohandeyinxingchengben(baokuoshebeisunhao、falvfeiyong、gongchengyanwu、qinglichangdi、zhuanjiafeiyongdeng)gengshi“shuixiabingshan”。dangegongchengxiangmuyinfengxianguanlibudang,changchanghuizaochengzhenggegongchengzongchengbenshangsheng、gongqituoyandeng,bingzuizhongdaozhixiangmujingjixiaoyijiangdi,shenzhizhenggexiangmushibai,congerjiqiyezaochengjudadesunshi。yinci,zhongguodejianzhushigongqiyebixuzhongshifengxianguanli,jiangdixiangmufengxian,jianshaoyinfengxianzaochengdesunshi,congertishengqiyedeguanlishuipingheyinglinengli。

jiaqiangxiangmufengxianguanlinenggouyouxiaojiangdixiangmudezongchengben。jiaqiangchengbenguanlishijianzhuqiyetigaoyinglishuipingdezhongyaoshouduan。baokuofengxianguanlichengbenzaineidegexiangguanlichengbenshixiangmuchengbenzuchengzhongdezhongyaoneirong。kaizhanfengxianguanlihuodong,qiye/xiangmubujiubixuweicizhifuxiangyingdefeiyong,baokuoyufangfengxianfashengdefeiyong、fengxianfashenghouzaochengdegezhongsunshifeiyong(rubujiucuoshifei、shiguchulifeideng)。congzheidianshangjiang,kaizhanfengxianguanlibiranhuizengjiaqiye/xiangmubudeguanlichengben(zhuyaoshifengxianyufangchengben)。

raner,congchengbenxiaoyijiaodufenxi,jiaqiangfengxianguanlinenggouyouxiaojiangdifengxianfashengdejilvhejibie,congerjiangdilefengxianfashengzaochengdesunshiyijichulichengben(fengxianguanlidesunshichengben)。rutu1zhonghuisehelansequxiansuoshi: liangtiaochengbenquxiandejiaodianduiyingdeshizuijiafengxianguanlishuiping,zaicifengxianguankongshuipingxia,qiye/xiangmuzaifengxianguanlifangmiantourudezongchengben(baokuoyufangchengbenhesunshichengben)yezuidi。suizheqiyefengxianguanlinenglidebuduanjiaqiangsuoxudeyufangchengbenquxianhuisuizhixiajiang(rutu1zhonghongsequxian),congerqiyefengxianguanlidezongchengbenchuxianxiajiang,qiyedezuijiafengxianguanlishuipingyesuizhitigao,ji: qiyefengxianguanlidenengliyuegao,zuijiafengxianguanlishuipingyeyuegao,erzuijiafengxianguanlishuipingxiadefengxianguanlizongchengbenjiuyuedi。yinci,jijiyouxiaodikaizhanxiangmufengxianguanlihuodong,zaidalitishengqiye/xiangmufengxianguanlinenglidetongshi,hainenggoudadajiangdixiangmudefengxianguanlichengben,congeryouxiaojiangdixiangmuguanlidezongchengben,tigaoxiangmudelirunlv。

jiaqiangfengxianguanlishijianzhushigongqiyetishengguanlinenglidexuyao。dao2010nian,zhongguoyijingchengweishijiediyijianzhudaguo,danjulishijiejianzhuqiangguohaiyouhenzhangdejuli。zhongguodejianzhushigongqiye,wulunshishichangguimo,haishizhuangbeishuiping,yuguojizhimingjianzhuqiyedechajudoubuda,youxiedifangshenzhiyijingchaoguo。dancongzongheshililaijiang,tebieshiguanli、jishu、pinpaiherencaidengruanshilifangmianlaijiang,zhongguodejianzhushigongqiyeyushijiezhimingjianzhuqiyehaicunzaimingxianchaju。erruanshilidechajuzhengshiyingxiangzhongguojianzhushigongqiyetishengshichangjingzhengnengliheqiyeyinglishuipingdezuidazhangai。gongchengxiangmushijianzhushigongqiyelirundezhijielaiyuan。yinci,jiaqiangbaokuofengxianguanlizaineidegongchengxiangmuguanlishuiping,shijianzhushigongqiyejiangdichengben、tishenglirunshuipinghejingzhengnenglidezhongyaotujing。

KPL外围fengxianguanlinengliyujiangdixiangmuchengbendeguanxi

KPL外围xiangmufengxianshijianzhushigongqiyemianlindezhuyaofengxian。muqian,jianzhushigongqiyepubiancaiyongdeshangyemoshishiguanlizhinengyushengchanzhinengfenkai,jigongsiderichangyunxingyougongsizongbuxiangguanzhinengbumenfuze,erxiangmudejutishigongyewuzezhuyaoyougongchengxiangmubujutizuzhishishi。gongsizhinengbumenduixiangmubudeshigongzuzhiguanlijinxingjishuzhidao,bingtigongbiyaofuwu。yinci,KPL外围 keyibajianzhushigongqiyesuomianlindegeleifengxianfenweiliangdalei: gongsiyunyingfengxian。zhuyaoshizhizaiqiyeyunyingguanlifangmiancunzaifengxian,baokuoshichangfengxian、caiwufengxian、zhengcefengxiandengdeng。zongtieryan,gongsiguanlidefengxianxiangduibijiaohongguan,xuyaozaixitong、zonghekaolvgefangyingxiangyinsudejichushang,tongguojianlijiaoweiwanzhengdefengxianguanlitixiqudelianghaodefengxianguankongxiaoguo。guojibiaozhunhuazuzhiisofabudeiso31000《fengxianguanliyuanzeyushishizhinan》heguoziweifabude《zhongyangqiyequanmianfengxianguanlizhiyin》weiqiyefengxianguanlitigonglesilu,shiqiyekaizhanfengxianguanligongzuodezhongyaozhidaowenjian。

xiangmuguanlifengxian。jixiangmubuzaixiangmushigongshengchanguochengzhongkenengyudaodegeleifengxian。anzhaobutongfengxianduixiangmumubiaodeyingxiang,xiangmufengxiankefenweichengbenfengxian、hetongfengxian、zhiliangfengxian、anquanfengxian、jishufengxian、falvfengxiandeng。xiangduieryan,gongchengxiangmudefengxianjutideduo,yidanfashengxiangguandefengxianshigu,wangwanghuiduixiangmubenshenzaochengbaokuorenshenshangwang、jingjisunshidengzaineidezhijieyingxiang,eryixiedaxiangmudezhongdashigushenzhihuiduizhenggeqiyedefazhanzaochengzhongdaershenyuandeyingxiang。yinci,jianzhushigongqiyebixuzhongshixiangmufengxianguanligongzuo。

qianghuafengxianguanlishijiangdixiangmuguanlichengben、tigaoxiangmulirundezhongyaoshouduan。gongchengxiangmuzuoweijianzhushigongqiyeshengchanjingyingde“zhuzhanchang”,shiqiyelirundezhuyaolaiyuan。fengxianguanlizuoweixiangmuguanlidezhongyaoneirong,zhuyaobaokuoxinxishouji、fengxianpinggu、fengxianyingduiyijiduifengxianguanlidepingjiahechixugaijindeng。jiaqiangduixiangmuzhiliang、anquan、jishu、chengbenhehetongdengfengxiandeguanli,nenggouyouxiaojiangdigexiangfengxianfashengdekenengxing,zaijiangdixiangmuzaizhiliangguanli、anquanguanli、jishuguanli、chengbenguanlihehetongguanlidengfangmiandetourudetongshi,nenggouyouxiaojiangdiyinweixiangmuzhiliang、anquanhejishudengquexianerzaochengdebuchangcuoshifeiyong,youxiaojiangdixiangmuzongchengben。

zhiliangfengxianguanli。suizhejianzhuguimodebuduankuoda、jianzhujiegouriqufuza、xincailiaohexingongyicengchubuqiong,yingxianggongchengzhiliangdeyinsubuduanzengjia,yinzhiliangfengxianguanlibudangerzaochengdejianzhugongchengzhiliangquexianhezhiliangshigushiyoufasheng,jianzhugongchengdezhiliangfengxianyeyuelaiyuechengweirenmenguanzhudejiaodian。jiaqiangxiangmuzhiliangguanli,nenggouyouxiaojiangdizhiliangquexianhezhiliangshigufashengdejilv,tigaogongchengdeyicihegelv,jianshaoshenzhidujuefangongfanxiuheqitalangfei,congerjiangdiyinfashengzhiliangwentierzaochengdesunshi,jiangdixiangmudezhiliangchengben: yishiyinxiangmuzhiliangwentizaochengdezhijiesunshi,kechengzhiweizhijiechengben。zhijiechengbenzhuyaobaokuocaiqubujiu、fangonghefanxiucuoshisuoxudefeiyong,yijiyinweibujiudengcuoshiyinqideqitasunshi,baokuogongqituoyan、xiangmutouchanyanchi、tinggongzhengdunyijilangfeidexiangmucailiaofei、shebeifei、rengongfeiyongdeng。ershiyinzhiliangwentizaochengdejianjiesunshi,kechengzhiweijianjiechengben。jianjiechengbenzhuyaobaokuoyinzhiliangwentizaochengdepeichangheshichangxinyushousundeng。genjuwoguo《jianzhufa》deyouguanguiding,ruguozaixiangmuhelishiyongqineifashengyingongchengzhiliangbuhegeerzaochengsunhaide,zhiliangshigudezerenfang(tongchangshishigongfang,yekenengshishejizhehuoqita)junyingjiyuhelipeichang。eryidanfashengzhongdazhiliangwenti,bijiangdaozhiqiyedexinyushousun、shichangfenexiajiang,qisunshigengshiwufamibu。shichangyidandiushi,qiyedeshengcundoucunzaiwenti,hetanlirunhefazhan?anquanfengxianguanli。jianzhugongchengxiangmushigongguochengzhongchangjiandeanquanfengxianyouhenduo,birurenmenchangshuode“wudashanghai”(gaokongzhuiluo、wutidaji、jixieshanghai、tanta、chudian)、huozaiyijiziranzaihaideng。zaochengzheixiefengxiandezhuyaoyuanyinbaokuo: renyuandebuguifanxingwei、wupindebuanquanzhuangtai、huanjingdebushiyingzhuangtai、jiaochazuoyeanpaibudangyijiqitafangmiandebulitiaojiandeng。jianzhushigongqiyedeanquanshigubujinhuizaochengzhongdaderenshenshangwanghecaichansunshi,yeyinqijudadefumianyingxiangfangaiqiyedezhengchangfazhan,lirubeijingxidanyigongchengzhongjiaoshoujiatantashigudaozhishigudanweibeiquzhuchubeijingshichang。zhongnandiquyizaijianqiaoliangdaotazhi60duorensiwangshigudaozhidangshiqiyebeitingzhisanniangongchengtoubiaozige。qianghuagongchengxiangmuanquanfengxianguanli,kaizhanshigongwenmingshengchan,nenggoujiangdiyinanquanshigudailaidegeleisunshi,baozhengqiyedeliangxingjiankangfazhan。

yifangmiankaizhananquanfengxianguanlinenggoucujinshigongrenyuanchengbenyishidetigao。kaizhananquanfengxianguanli,shouxianyaojinxinganquanfengxianshibie,zhaodaoqianzaideweixianyuan。zheijiuxuyaoguangdadeshigongrenyuanjijicanyu,zaiweixianyuandeshibieguochengzhongjieheshigongshijixuyao,jijisikaoxiangyingdeyingduicuoshihejiejuefangan,zaitigaoshigongrenyuananquanyishidetongshi,yecujinshigongrenyuanzuodao“gongwanliaojin”,zaijiangdixiangmuzhijiechengbendetongshi,tigaoyuangongchengbendeguanliyishi。lingyifangmiankaizhananquanfengxianguanlinenggouyouxiaojiangdishigupeichangfangmiandechengben。shengchananquanshikaizhananquanshengchandezuidaxiaoyi,zhudong、jiji、youxiaodeanquanfengxianguanlinenggouzaichuangzaolianghaodeshengchanhuanjingdetongshi,dadajiangdiyinbuwenmingshigong、moban“chaotianding”dengzaochengdeshangwangshigu,dujuezhongdashangwangshijianfasheng,zheiduiyujiangdigongchengchengbenguanliyoushifenjijideyiyi。genjuxianxingguiding,ruoshigongguanlibushanzaochenggongchengshangwangshigu,peichangjinexiangdangjuda,tongchangshidangdidangnianpingjungongzide30bei(zhongshangshigu)he25bei(siwangshigu)zuoyou。

KPL外围jishufengxianguanli。suizhexiandaijianzhugongchengguimohejishunandudebuduantisheng,yijimangmuzhuiqiujianzhushejidexinyingerzaochengjiegoutixibuhelideng,gongchengxiangmumianlindejishufengxianyeyuelaiyueda。jishufangandechuangxinheyouhuabenyingshitigaoxiangmuyinglishuipingdezhongyaoshouduan,danyesuizhidailaiyixiliejishudefengxian。zheizhongfengxianruguoshiqukongzhi,suoweide“chuangxin”jiangchengweixiangmushibaidedaohuosuo。jinnianlaiguoneiwaijunfashengyinjishufengxianguanlibudangerzaochengdegongchengshigu,baokuofaguobalidaigaolejichangwudingtanta、eluosimosikebaomanshichangtanta、woguoduogezaijiangongchenghunningtujiaozhuguochengzhongfashengzhengtitantadeng。jiaqiangjishufengxianguanli,nenggoujiangdijishufengxian、tigaochuangxinchenggonglv,tongshiyenenggoujiangdiyinjishufengxiandailaidexiangguanchengben,tigaoxiangmudeyinglishuiping。

yifangmianjiaqiangjishufengxianguanlinenggoutigaoxiangmudeyinglishuiping。jishufengxianbaokuojishubuzudefengxian、jishukaifadefengxian、jishushiyongdefengxiandeng。jiaqiangjishufengxianguanli,nenggouyouxiaojiangdijishushibaikenengxing,cujinxiangmu“xinjishu、xingongyi、xincailiao、xinshebei”(chengwei“sixinjishu”)deyingyong,kuodasixinjishudeshiyongdeguangduheshendu,zaibaozhenggongchengzhiliangdetongshi,tigaoxiangmudeshigongxiaolv,jinertigaoxiangmudezhengtiyinglishuiping。lingyifangmianjiaqiangjishufengxianguanlinenggouyouxiaojiangdixiangmuyinjishuchuangxinshibaidailaidejihuichengben。jishufengxianfashengdezhuyaoyuanyinbaokuojishuchuangxinsuoxuyaodexiangguanjishubupeitao、buchengshu,jishuchuangxinsuoxuyaodexiangyingsheshi、shebeibugouwanshan,huozheduijishuchuangxindeshichangyucebugouchongfendeng。jiaqiangjishufengxianguanli,tongguojishufangandezixunlunzheng,quebaojishufangandekexingxing;tongguojianliyouliyujishuchuangxindeshengchanguochengzuzhi,xuanzeheshidejishuchuangxinxiangmuzuhedengjiangdichuangxindezhengtifengxian;tongguojianlijishufengxianyujingxitong,jishifaxianjishukaifaheshengchanguochengzhongdefengxianyinhuandeng,nenggouyouxiaotishengjishuchuangxindechenggonglv,congerjiangdiyinjishuchuangxinshibaizaochengdejihuichengben。

chengbenfengxianguanli。xiangmuchengbenguanlishixiangmuguanlidezhongyaoneirongzhiyi。youyudangqiandejianzhushichangshiyigemaifangshichang,suizhejianzhushigongshichangjingzhengriqujilie,chengfabaojiaoyizhongguoduxiangfabaorenqingxie,fabaorenjiangxiangmudexuduochengbendouzhuanjiajijianzhushigongqiye,zheishidechengbaorenchuyugengjiabulidiwei。zheijiuyaoqiujiaqiangduixiangmudechengbenguanli,jinkenenghuajiehejiangdixiangmuguochengzhongdechengbenfengxian。xiangmuchengbenguanli(baokuochengbenfengxiandeguanli)guanchuanyuxiangmuquanguocheng,zaixiangmudebutongjieduan,duixiangmuchengbenjichengbenfengxianguanliyoubutongdeyaoqiu: yishizaigongchengtoubiaojieduan,yingshenruyanjiuzhaobiaowenjian,renzhentakanshigongxianchang,zhaochunitoubiaoxiangmudeyinglidian、kuisundian、fengxiandian,jinxingxiangmudechengbenyuce,weitoubiaojuecehecelvediandingjichu。ershizaishigongzhunbeijieduan,jieheshijituzhiheqitaxiangguanziliao,yijugongqiheshangjiyaoqiu,genjuxiangmudeguimo、xingzhi、fuzachengdu、xianchangtiaojian、zhuangbeiqingkuang、renyuansuzhidengyinsu,kexuedibianzhishishixingdeshigongzuzhisheji。tongguoduofangmiandejishujingjibijiao,xuanzeheli、xianjinkexingdeshigongfangan,bingnulixunqiubiangengqianzhengdejihui,huajiebupinghengbaojiazhongdijiazimudekuisunfengxian,lizhengyizuixiaodechengbenhaofeimanzuyudingdehetongmubiaoyaoqiu。tongshi,haiyingzhenduigongchengdejutitedianzhidingxiangmuchengbenjihua,fenjiemubiao,huafenzerenhequanli,baozhengmubiaodeshixian。sanshizaigongchengshigongjieduan,yixiangmujinglizerenzhiweizhongxin,shixingxiangmuguanlirenyuandequanyuangongdanchengbenfengxian,yi“sisuan”duibi、zhengzhifenxidengfangshijinxingchengbenfenxihekaohe,yikaiyuanjieliudeyuanzeshishichengbenkongzhi。zhiyoujiaqianggongchengxiangmuquanguochengdechengbenguanli,zonghecaiquduozhongshouduanhefangshijianshaoxiangmudechengbenfengxian,cainenggouyouxiaodikongzhixiangmuchengben,quebaoxiangmubaokuochengbenmubiaozaineidezhengtimubiaodeshixian。

KPL外围chushangshufengxianzhiwai,gongchengxiangmukenenghaibaokuohetongfengxian、shehuihuanjingfengxian、fenbaofengxian、gongchengsuozaidiyinxingshiliganraodefengxiandengdeng,jiaqiangduibaokuoshangshugongchengxiangmufengxianzaineidegeleixiangmufengxiandeguanli,duiyukongzhixiangmuchengben,baozhengxiangmuzhengtimubiaohecaiwumubiaodeshixiandouyouzhezhongyaozuoyong。

KPL外围jianlixiangmufengxianfangyutixikeqianghuaxiangmuchengbenguanli

jianlixiangmufengxianfangyutixishixiangmuchengbende“fanghuoqiang”。zaigongchengxiangmuguanliguochengzhong,yinglihefengxianxiangshengxiangban,shigongxiangmuzhongdefengxianconglaidoubukenengxiaoshi。yinci,bixuyaoyijijidetaiduyingduixiangmuguanliguochengzhongqianzaidehuozheyijingfashengdegeleifengxian,xiediaohaoxiangmushigongyushichang、shehui、huanjingdenggefangmiandeguanxi,zaizujiangongchengxiangmufengxianguanlituanduidejichushang,zongheliyongduozhongfengxianguanligongjuheshouduan,jijikaizhanxiangmufengxiandeshibie、fenxi、cehua、genzonghechuzhidenghuodong,gouzhuqixingzhiyouxiaodexiangmufengxianfangyutixi。

genju《jianzhuanzhuanggongchengfeiyongxiangmuzucheng》(jianbiao[2003]206hao)wenjian,jianzhuanzhuanggongchengfeiyouzhijiefei、jianjiefei、lirunheshuijinzucheng。

qizhong,zhijiefeibaokuoshigongguochengzhonghaofeidegouchenggongchengshitiderengongfei、cailiaofei、shigongjixieshiyongfeidengzhijiegongchengfei,yijiweiwanchenggongchengxiangmushigong、bingfashengyugaigongchengshigongqianheshigongguochengzhongdecuoshifei;jianjiefeizebaokuozhengfudengyouguanbumenguidingbixujiaonadeguifei、qiyeguanlifeideng。

youqianmianfenxikezhi,dangqiyejianlilexingzhiyouxiaodexiangmufengxianfangyutixihou,xiangmudeshigongzhiliang、shengchananquan、jinduguanlidengdounenggoudedaoyouxiaogaishan。tongshi,yuxiangmuchengbenzhijiexiangguanderengongfeiyong、cailiaofeiyong、jixiefeiyong、yijiqitaxiangguandecuoshifeiyongdengxiangmuzhijiefeiyong(tongchangkenenghuizhandaoxiangmuzongfeiyongde80%yishang)yehuidedaoyouxiaokongzhi,congerdadaoyouxiaokongzhixiangmuzongtichengben、cujinxiangmushixianzhengtimubiaodemude。

KPL外围jianlixiangmufengxianfangyutixinenggouyouxiaoqianghuaqiyeguanli。gongchengxiangmujiansheshijianzhushigongqiyedezhuyaojiazhichuangzaoguocheng,shijianzhushigongqiyedehexinhuodong,yinergongchengxiangmuguanliyejiuziranerrandichengweijianzhushigongqiyegexiangguanlidezhongdianhehexin。gongchengxiangmuguanlidehaohuai,duiyujianzhushigongqiyesuzaoqiyexingxiang、weihuqiyexinyu、shixianqiyefazhanzhiguanzhongyao。zuoweigongchengxiangmuguanlizhongyaoneirongdefengxianguanli,qibaokuodefanweizhiguang、fengxianfashenghoudeyingxiangzhida、shejidexiangguanfangzhiduodoushiqitaxiangmuguanlineirongsuobunengbinide。yiner,yigeqiyexiangmufengxianguanlishuipingdegaodi,zaihendachengdushangfanyinglegaiqiyedexiangmuguanlishuiping。zuoweijianzhushigongqiye,bixuzhongshiduixiangmufengxiandeguankong,jianliyitaowanshandexiangmufengxianfangyutixi,zaijingzhengjiliehefuzaduobiandejianzhuhuanjingzhong,zuohao、zuoxigongchengxiangmudefengxianguanli,congerzaixiangmushishiguochengzhongyouxiaokongzhixiangmudeshengchanchengbenheguanlichengben,cujinxiangmulirunmubiaoheqitamubiaoshixian,tigaoqiyedexiangmuguanlishuipingheyinglinengli,jinertishengqiyezaijiliedeshichanghuanjingzhongdejingzhengnengji,zhubutigaoqiyedezongheshilihezengxiaonengli,shixianqiyedekechixufazhan。

KPL外围